Endangered indigenous tree species in Acholi Sub-Region

Posted by Categories: General
Endangered indigenous tree species in Acholi Sub-Region

Indigenous trees are trees that are native to a particular area. They are important because of their social, economic and ecological functions such as controlling erosion, contribute to human quality of life, provide sinks for carbon dioxide and methane at the interface between the decaying fallen leaves and the soil and are a source of biodiversity. They have evolved to cope with particular conditions, circumstances or situations in that area.

Indigenous trees in Acholi Sub-Region

common ones are:  Africana Afzelia (commonly known as African Mahogany…see main picture), Mvule, Palm trees, Mahogany and Shea

Subsistence needs of the Indigenous Trees …

These trees are not only a source of food but also for shade against their harsh weather. More, they act as wind breakers, sources of medicines, construction materials and timber, as well as making baskets to the natives of the area.

They have a lot of environmental value. They play a big role in Soil conservation, watershed, carbon sequestration and climate regulation. The value of this service is not easy to be quantified.

These trees are being chopped down due to increasing population that in turn exerts pressure on the land. The prevailing poverty does not help. the roots and backs are removed and eaten by the population.

Aim to protect the Indigenous Trees …

Shea Nut

There is no proper governance to protect these trees.

In 2018 though, the Government of Uganda, through ministry of Water and Environment suspended any cutting, transportation and sale of shea nut and afzelia africana tree logs and their products. This is because the specie had become highly endangered due to uncontrolled rampant, illegal, harvesting and trading in the logs and their products.